Phello e Ntle ea Matla a Letsatsi ho Tikoloho

Ho fetohela ho matla a letsatsi ka bongata ho ka ba le tšusumetso e ntle tikolohong. Hangata, lentsoe tikoloho le sebelisoa ho supa tikoloho ea rona ea tlhaho. Leha ho le joalo, joalo ka batho, tikoloho ea rona e kenyelletsa litoropo le litoropo le sechaba sa batho ba lulang ho sona. Boleng ba tikoloho bo kenyelletsa likarolo tsena kaofela. Ho kenya sistimi e le 'ngoe ea matla a letsatsi ho ka etsa ntlafatso e ka lekanngoang ntlheng e ngoe le e ngoe ea tikoloho ea rona.

Melemo ho Tikoloho ea Bophelo

Tlhatlhobo ea 2007 ea Laboratori ea Naha ea Matla a Tsosolositsoeng (NREL) e fihletse qeto ea hore ho amohela matla a letsatsi ka bongata ho tla fokotsa haholo tlhahiso ea likhase tsa nitrous le sulfur dioxide. Ba hakantsoe hore United States le eona e ka thibela likhase tse 100,995,293 tsa CO2 feela ka ho tlosa khase ea tlhaho le mashala ka 100 GW ea matla a letsatsi.

Ka bokhutšoanyane, NREL e fumane hore ts'ebeliso ea matla a letsatsi e ka baka linyeoe tse fokolang tsa mafu a amanang le ts'ilafalo, hape le ho fokotsa linyeoe tsa mathata a ho hema le a pelo. Ho feta moo, phokotso ea bokuli e ne e tla fetolela matsatsing a fokolang a mosebetsi a lahlehileng le litšenyehelo tse tlase tsa tlhokomelo ea bophelo.

Melemo ho Tikoloho ea Lichelete

Ho ea ka US Energy Information Administration, ka 2016, lehae le tloaelehileng la Amerika le ne le sebelisa lihora tse 10 766 tsa li-kilowatt (kWh) tsa motlakase ka selemo. Litheko tsa matla le tsona lia fapana, ho ea ka libaka, ha New England e lefa litefiso tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa bakeng sa khase ea tlhaho le motlakase hape e na le keketseho e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea liperesente.

Karolelano ea litheko tsa metsi le tsona li ntse li eketseha ka botsitso. Ha ho futhumala ha lefatše ho fokotsa phepelo ea metsi, litheko tseo li tla nyoloha le ho feta. Motlakase oa letsatsi o sebelisa metsi a ka fihlang ho 89% ho feta motlakase o sebelisang motlakase oa mashala, o ka thusang litheko tsa metsi hore li lule li tsitsitse. 

Melemo ho Tikoloho ea Tlhaho

Matla a letsatsi a baka pula e nang le asiti e ka etsang 97% ho feta mashala le oli, le ho fihlela 98% e fokotsa phepelo ea leoatle, e felisang metsi a oksijene. Motlakase oa letsatsi o boetse o sebelisa mobu o tlase ho 80%. Ho latela Union of Concerned Scientists, tšusumetso ea tikoloho ea matla a letsatsi e nyane ha e bapisoa le ea matla a mafura.

Bafuputsi ba Lawrence Berkeley Lab ba ile ba etsa phuputso ho tloha 2007 ho isa 2015. Ba fihletse qeto ea hore nakong ea lilemo tseo tse robeli, matla a letsatsi a hlahisitse lidolara tse limilione tse likete tse 2,5 polokelong ea maemo a leholimo, a mang hape a lidolara tse limilione tse likete tse peli le metso e 'meli a bolokang tšilafalo ea moea, mme a thibela mafu a 300 pele ho nako.

Melemo ho Tikoloho ea Sechaba

Ho sa tsotelehe tikoloho eo, ntho e lulang e le teng ke hore, ho fapana le indasteri ea peterole, Phello e ntle ea Matla a Letsatsi e ajoa ka ho lekana ho batho maemong ohle a moruo le moruo. Batho bohle ba hloka moea o hloekileng le metsi a nooang a hloekileng ho phela bophelo bo bolelele, bo phetseng hantle. Ka matla a letsatsi, boleng ba bophelo bo ntlafalitsoe bakeng sa motho e mong le e mong, ekaba maphelo ao a lula ntlong ea ntlo ea bolulo kapa ntlong e tsamaeang e itekanetseng.


Nako ea poso: Feb-26-2021